Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

294-0001 St. Paul Historic District

St. Paul Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

NRHP Listing Date 06/08/2011

NPS property number 11000351

The St. Paul Historic District is an excellent example of the small commercial towns that developed in Wise County and surrounding areas of Southwest Virginia in conjunction with the growth of the coal mining industry from the late-19th through the mid-20th centuries. By 1884, the present town was envisioned in the small cove it now occupies, comprised of relatively mild slopes suitable for building, along the Clinch River. Located at one of only two practical points of access for railroads through the mountains that surround Wise County, St. Paul grew and thrived into the mid-20th century as a railroad junction and hub for local commerce serving nearby coal towns to the north and west. The town’s most active development occurred during the 1920s and 30s, prior to the decline of the coal industry beginning in the 1950s. The district’s architecture is distinguished by early 20th-century styles, some with sophisticated masonry and elaborate ornamentation, ranging from Commercial Style to Classical Revival and Beaux Arts.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018