The Plains Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Surrounded by a scenic Piedmont landscape, The Plains Historic District covers about 130 acres within this small, incorporated town in Fauquier County. The area was first identified as “The Plains” or “White Plains” on maps as early as the 1820s, and in 1831 a post office was established there. The arrival of the Manassas Gap Railroad in the early 1850s spurred its emergence as a commercial center and hub for surrounding agricultural estates. Along with its surviving residences, the community features several well-preserved institutional, commercial, and transportation-related buildings, along with a rare Masonic lodge building and four churches. During the first three decades of the 20th century, The Plains was reinvigorated and transformed by the relocation of the foxhunting operation of the Orange County (New York) Hunt to Fauquier County. The The Plains Historic District’s historic buildings reflect its growth from 1850 through the early 1960s.

Last Updated: February 7, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Silver Hill Baptist Church and School

Fauquier (County)


African American Resources in Fauquier County, Virginia, 1865–1973

(MPD) Multiple Property Document


Upperville Colt & Horse Show Grounds

Fauquier (County)