Greenbrier Formation chert, 44SC0095, Scott County, Virginia.
Greenbrier chert samples collected from the Pine Ridge area (site 44SC0095) in Scott County, Virginia.
This chert is found primarily as nodules in the Mississippian aged Greenbrier Formation in southwest Virginia. The color of this material varies and includes: gray, brown, and black with shades of each color from light to dark. The nodules are not large and projectile points and tools made from this material are small. Tools often contain cortex.
The chert is found on sites near the Greenbrier Formation in Southwest Virginia. Distribution beyond that is unknown.
Projectile points made from this material date from the Late Paleoindian, Early and Middle Archaic periods. Debitage analysis indicates that bipolar reduction was frequently used, probably a result of the small size of the chert nodules.
Prepared By Tolley 1999
Updated October 22, 2016