Boundary Markers of the Original District of Columbia MPD

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The stones marking the boundary of the District of Columbia were set in 1791 following the survey of Maj. Andrew Ellicott and his assistant, Benjamin Banneker, a free black astronomer and mathematician. Cut from Aquia sandstone, the markers were spaced approximately one mile apart. The intermediate stones originally stood two feet high, while the corner stones were three feet high. Of the total of forty stones marking the district’s 10-mile boundary, fourteen were in Virginia; Virginia’s surviving twelve are included in this designation. Their condition varies. Some preserve original inscriptions, others have been reduced to stumps. In 1915 the Daughters of the American Revolution erected iron fences around each of the markers. The Virginia portion of the district retroceded to the Commonwealth in 1846; the Virginia markers now roughly define the western boundaries of Arlington County.  The Boundary Markers of the Original District of Columbia MPD was approved to aid in the register listing of the individual stones.

Last Updated: February 17, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Bank of Potomac/Executive Office and Governor’s Residence of the Restored Government of Virginia

Alexandria (Ind. City)


African American Watermen of the Virginia Chesapeake Bay Multiple Property Document

(MPD) Multiple Property Document


Drover’s Rest

Fairfax (County)