The Bank of Potomac/Executive Office and Governor’s Residence of the Restored Government of Virginia, located in the Alexandria Historic District, was constructed in three primary building campaigns. The oldest part of the building consists of a three-and-a-half story brick building at what is now 415 Prince Street and was completed ca. 1807 as the Bank of Potomac, one of the earliest banks established in the United States. The two-story addition, now 413 Prince Street, was likely constructed in the 1850s. These attached buildings functioned as a branch of the Farmers Bank of Virginia at the beginning of the Civil War. With its head office in Richmond, the capital of the Confederate States of America, the branch ceased operations in Union-Controlled Alexandria in September of 1861. In 1863, Governor of the Restored Government of Virginia, Francis H. Pierpont made the property his executive office and personal residence. As the Executive Office and Governor’s Residence of the Restored Government of Virginia, the building is significant for its association with Pierpont’s collaboration with President Lincoln and his administration, in carrying out a strategy that would restore to the nation areas of the country that had attempted to secede from the United States. The strategy involved utilizing the pro-union citizens residing in seceding states and encouraging them to form local governments. In 1861. Virginia’s Restored Government was the first of these loyal governments to be established. At the Executive Office and Governor’s Residence of the Restored Government Building, Pierpont executed the President’s policies while exercising the day-to-day responsibilities of a state executive. After the war, the building briefly reverted to use as bank and was later used as government offices, apartments and finally as a single-family residence with an attached apartment building.
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark