Shack Mountain

(NHLs) Virginia's National Historic Landmarks

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NHL Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number

DHR's Virginia Board of Historic Resources easement

Its name derived from the Shackelford family, Shack Mountain is regarded as the most distinctive architectural work of Sidney Fiske Kimball (1881-1955), the leading figure of America’s first generation of architectural historians. This gem-like Jeffersonian-style pavilion was built in 1935-36 as Kimball’s retirement home. Kimball is credited with nurturing a scholarly interest in American buildings and promoting Thomas Jefferson as a major figure in the nation’s architectural development. He was also the founder of the University of Virginia School of Architecture and a pioneer in the restoration of historic landmarks, taking an active role in Colonial Williamsburg, Monticello, Stratford, Gunston Hall, and numerous National Park Service properties. As an art historian he gained fame as director of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Kimball wanted Shack Mountain, with its Jeffersonian format, to demonstrate the viability of a regional architectural tradition.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Photo credit: Casey DeHaven/DHR, 2016

For additional information Read

Nomination Form

1992 NHL Nomination

More Listings In (NHLs) Virginia's National Historic Landmarks


La Fourche

Albemarle (County)


Jackson P. Burley High School

Albemarle (County)


River View Farm

Albemarle (County)