Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

011-0138 Reynolds Property

Reynolds Property
Photo credit: Dan Pezzoni, 2015

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/15/2016

NRHP Listing Date 11/22/2016

NRHP Reference Number 16000795

The Reynolds Property represents the early industrial history of Botetourt County, when construction of the James River and Kanawha Canal provided the impetus for a hydraulic cement industry. The 1840s appear to have been years of growth for the region’s lime industry, which continues to be an important part of the county’s economy. Named for its one-time owner and mid-19th-century lime-maker, Greenville Reynolds, the roughly 150-acre property features a whitewashed stone house dating to around 1800 (pictured above), a long-abandoned limestone quarry complex including a mound that may be a limekiln ruin, a barn, and miscellaneous domestic and agricultural outbuildings. The house’s interior, originally a hall-parlor plan, has mud-plastered and whitewashed stone walls, exposed ceiling beams, a wooden floor, and two fireplaces. The Reynolds Property also includes the remains of a stone springhouse foundation and a cemetery of uninscribed fieldstone grave markers that oral tradition suggests was a slave burial ground. Quarrying ceased on the Reynolds Property in 1936.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: August 8, 2022