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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

118-0209 James River and Kanawha Canal Sites in Lynchburg, Virginia

James River and Kanawha Canal Sites in Lynchburg, Virginia
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/11/1984

Included in this complex are the surviving elements of the canal system through Lynchburg: the Lower Basin and Ninth Street Bridge, the Blackwater Creek Aqueduct, and the Waterworks Dam, the James River Dam, and the Guard Locks at the lower end of Daniel’s Island. The James River and Kanawha Canal was one of 19th-century America’s major transportation arteries. Lynchburg was the terminus of the “First Grand Division” which extended 146.5 miles from Richmond. Opened in 1840, this section was the only one of the three divisions ever completed. The canal enjoyed its greatest prosperity during the 1850s and spurred Lynchburg’s development as a leading commercial and industrial center. In 1880 the newly organized Richmond and Alleghany Railway Co. acquired the canal company’s property and laid tracks over much of the system. The canal’s Lynchburg remnants are important relics of a great engineering achievement.
[Thematic Nomination, VLR Listed Only]


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated October 22, 2018