The Meadow Historic District (Meadow Farm)

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The Meadow Historic District, in Caroline County, is comprised of stables and agricultural buildings associated with the thoroughbred horse breeding and racing operation established by Christopher Thompkins Chenery, beginning in 1936 when he bought the property and constructed many of its buildings. The Meadow had its greatest success under the leadership of Chenery’s daughter, Penny Chenery Tweedy, a trailblazer for women in the sport. She presided over business operations when Meadow Stable won five of six consecutive Triple Crown races, beginning in 1972 with Riva Ridge’s win of the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes and continuing in 1973 when Secretariat won the Kentucky Derby, Preakness, and Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse in 25 years to win the Triple Crown—and the only one of the 11 Triple Crown winners since 1919 to break all three track records. No other racing stable had ever accomplished this feat. The Meadow Historic District features stables designed by Chenery in a Colonial Revival style with clapboard siding painted white with corner caps in royal blue (the colors of his alma mater, Washington and Lee University) and includes Secretariat’s foaling shed. At the time of the listing of the district, all three of Secretariat’s 1973 Triple Crown track records had stood for 41 years.

Additional documentation on The Meadow Historic District was approved by the National Register of Historic Places in 2021. The update includes interview excerpts and personal recollections about the African American grooms who worked at The Meadow during the historic period (1936-1973), and their experiences with Secretariat.
[NRHP Approved: 6/17/2021]

Last Updated: January 31, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form

2021 Additional Documentation


Port Royal Historic District Boundary Increase

Caroline (County)


Old Jail of Caroline County

Caroline (County)


Mount Gideon

Caroline (County)