Hazelwood Archaeological Site

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Hazelwood was the home plantation of agrarian political economist John Taylor of Caroline County, a champion of Jeffersonian Republicanism. Taylor wrote keenly perceptive political pamphlets. His Inquiry into the Principles and Policy of the Government of the United States (1814) was a significant contribution to American political science. Taylor also wrote essays about his experiments with improved agricultural methods at Hazelwood, published in book form as The Arator in 1813. The main house at Hazelwood, erected in the mid-18th century and added to by Taylor, was destroyed by fire during the Civil War. An 1816 insurance policy of the Mutual Assurance Society shows the house to have been a two-story brick structure with lower wings connected by hyphens. Excavation at the Hazelwood Archaeological Site could yield new insights on a major historic plantation complex. Hazelwood’s fields continue to be farmed.

Last Updated: December 22, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Nomination Form


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