Liberty Baptist Church

Caroline (County)

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NHL Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


This rural site in Caroline County has been used for religious purposes since 1796, when the Liberty Baptist meeting erected a frame church here. For the first half of the 19th century, the majority of Liberty Baptist Church’s members were African American—mostly enslaved persons who attended services with their masters. The present brick church was built in 1850. The plain, gable-roof structure follows a standard form used for numerous meeting houses, both brick and frame, built through the Virginia countryside for over a century. Common features are the two entrances and an upper tier of windows to light an interior gallery. Liberty Baptist Church’s sober dignity was a reflection of the meeting’s strict moral code which forbad dancing, non-attendance, and intemperance. The church served the Baptists until 1941 when the property was included in the A. P. Hill Military Reserve (now Fort A.P. Hill). Since 1942 it has served as the Post Chapel.
[VLR Listed Only]

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Photo credit: Carolyn Wheat, 1993

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