Swift Creek Mill

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NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Milling operations were conducted at this Swift Creek site in Chesterfield County from the mid-17th-century into the 1950s. The present brick Swift Creek Mill structure dates mostly from 1852 when the property was acquired by the Swift Creek Manufacturing Company, but its massive stone foundations may incorporate fabric of the original mill erected by Henry Randolph ca. 1660. Civil War action centered around the mill on May 10, 1864, when Gen. Benjamin Butler attempted a crossing of Swift Creek in a move against Gen. George Pickett’s Confederate troops on the north bank. In 1964, the building was adapted into a restaurant and playhouse, preserving much original fabric including three large grinding stones in their original casings. Adjacent to the mill is a mid-19th-century mill store, a rare surviving example of this type of ancillary structure.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

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VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Nomination Form


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"Virginia's Lost" Delisted Landmarks


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Chesterfield (County)


Prehistoric and Historic Resources, Bermuda Hundred MPD

(MPD) Multiple Property Document