Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

020-0081 Swift Creek Mill

Swift Creek Mill
Photo credit: Calder Loth, 2021

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/18/1973

NRHP Listing Date 01/11/1974

NRHP Reference Number 74002113

Milling operations were conducted at this Swift Creek site in Chesterfield County from the mid-17th-century into the 1950s. The present brick Swift Creek Mill structure dates mostly from 1852 when the property was acquired by the Swift Creek Manufacturing Company, but its massive stone foundations may incorporate fabric of the original mill erected by Henry Randolph ca. 1660. Civil War action centered around the mill on May 10, 1864, when Gen. Benjamin Butler attempted a crossing of Swift Creek in a move against Gen. George Pickett’s Confederate troops on the north bank. In 1964, the building was adapted into a restaurant and playhouse, preserving much original fabric including three large grinding stones in their original casings. Adjacent to the mill is a mid-19th-century mill store, a rare surviving example of this type of ancillary structure.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: July 1, 2021