Dale’s Pale Archaeological District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The Dale’s Pale Archaeological District is a collection of four Chesterfield County-owned archaeological sites, constituting a vitally important area in our nation’s early history. The district’s name alludes to one of those sites, the location of a defensive palisade built by Sir Thomas Dale in 1613 around the original settlement at Bermuda Hundred, which he founded. This berm-and-ditch feature is two miles in length, running between the high banks overlooking the James and Appomattox Rivers; it accords with Ralph Hamor’s 1614 account of the palisade, also called a pale. The pale was periodically reused during the colonial period as a boundary ditch, and is still used today as a property boundary in some areas. The other sites within the district include a Middle Woodland Period (500 BC– AD 200) settlement, and a late-17th- or early-18th-century house with its associated dump. Taken together, the Dale’s Pale Archaeological District’s sites present an extraordinarily rich collection of material with the potential to provide information about defense, community organization, and subsistence in some of the earliest periods of Virginia’s history.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Kingsland (Richmond View)

"Virginia's Lost" Delisted Landmarks


Fuqua Farm

Chesterfield (County)


Prehistoric and Historic Resources, Bermuda Hundred MPD

(MPD) Multiple Property Document