Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

021-0028 Greenway Court

Greenway Court
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/09/1969

NRHP Listing Date 10/15/1966

NHL Listing Date 10/09/1960

NPS property number 66000829

Thomas Fairfax, sixth Baron Fairfax of Cameron (1693-1781), was the proprietor of a five-million-acre grant of northern Virginia lands inherited from his mother, daughter of Lord Culpeper. Fairfax set up residence at Greenway Court in 1752 in order to manage this vast holdings firsthand. He lived in what was a hunting lodge, replaced in 1828 by the present brick farmhouse. Of the original complex, only the modest stone land office, porter’s lodge, and a plank “powder house” remain, all probably dating from the 1760s. George Washington, who began his career as a surveyor for Lord Fairfax, was a frequent visitor at Greenway Court. While the three earliest buildings are significant survivors of Fairfax’s establishment, the grounds likely hold a rich store of archaeological data relating to what is the region’s premier colonial site.  The surrounding scenic cultural landscape has been listed as the Greenway Rural Historic District.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated February 19, 2019