Hamilton High School

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Constructed in 1910, Hamilton High School, renamed Hamilton School in 1944 when it became an elementary school, is significant in the story of education in Cumberland County. Built in response to the need for a proper education for students in the rural county, it represents the shift to consolidated regional schools taking place statewide at the time. By 1914, it housed a Normal department, joining only a few other schools in the prestigious program of certified teacher training for women. Students who completed the teacher training were required to teach a minimum of two years in Virginia’s rural schools, thus helping to increase access to public education. This earned the school recognition for its contribution to civil rights causes, and it is a designated stop on the Civil Rights in Virginia Education Heritage Trail. Between 1925 and 1940, the school expanded to include an auditorium and agricultural classroom buildings, and served as a community center for residents from miles around. In 1944 it was converted to an elementary school and in 1964 it closed permanently. It remains the largest school of its kind in Cumberland County.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Pine Grove Elementary School

Cumberland (County)



Cumberland (County)


Oak Hill

Cumberland (County)