Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

030-0060 Yew Hill

Yew Hill
Photo credit: David Edwards/DHR, 2021

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/01/2004

NRHP Listing Date 01/20/2005

NRHP Reference Number 04001535

Located at the junction of U.S. Route 17 and Virginia Route 55 in the Crooked Run Valley Rural Historic District, Yew Hill covers 98 acres and features a complex of late 18th-century buildings—a tavern, meat house, dairy, and a barn. The tavern was housed in a one-and-one-half-story, three-bay, frame dwelling, which Robert Ashby had built between 1760 and 1761, the year he received an ordinary license, thus making it the earliest dated house in Fauquier County. Set on a stone foundation, the dwelling had a porch extension added ca. 1808 by later owner Edward Shacklett, when it was referred to as Shacklett’s Tavern; other modifications occurred circa 1840, 1870, and 1920. The tavern dwelling, situated atop a high hill, faced east toward the Shenandoah-Winchester Road (now U.S. Route 17), a major thoroughfare beginning in the 18th century. Near the former tavern is a one-story, one-bay dairy of masonry and rubble stone that abuts a square meat house, also a one-story, one-bay construction of rubble stone. The dairy and meat house would have been vital adjuncts to a thriving tavern house. Yew Hill’s barn reveals that it was originally a one-story-and-loft, three-bay, timber frame, side-gable building, erected on a stone foundation, circa 1798-99, for threshing and multi-purpose use. Later modifications in 1858 and 1900 expanded the barn. Well-crafted and in surprisingly good condition, it is the earliest dated barn in Fauquier County to have remarkably survived the Civil War without damage. Also, at Yew Hill are the ruins of a stone springhouse built circa 1800, located downhill from the tavern, dairy, and meat house.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: April 13, 2021