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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

030-0222 Paris Historic District

Paris Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/06/2006

NRHP Listing Date 03/21/2007

NRHP Reference Number 07000192

Paris is a well-preserved early-nineteenth-century village located at the foot of Ashby Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains. The colonial roads leading from Alexandria, Dumfries, and Fredericksburg to Winchester that intersected at Paris contributed to its initial economic vitality. During the first half of the nineteenth century, Paris was a small commercial and transportation center that served the surrounding population as well as those traveling through the region. According to Martin’s Gazetteer (1835), in addition to 25 dwellings, Paris contained three mercantile stores, a church (for use by all denominations), a school, two saddlers, a cabinetmaker, a tailor, a turner, a wheat fan maker, two blacksmith shops, two wagon makers, a chair maker, and three boot and shoe factories. Several taverns also operated in town, catering to the clientele that passed through the village. The routing of the Manassas Gap Railroad to the south in 1852 left Paris somewhat isolated and removed much of the traffic that otherwise passed through it on its way west. This commercial detriment created a halt in major development after the 1850s, a fact reflected in the architecture of the town, where the majority of buildings date to the first half of the nineteenth century.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 8, 2020