Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

033-0015 Booker T. Washington National Monument

Booker T. Washington National Monument
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 01/16/1973

NRHP Listing Date 10/15/1966

NPS property number 66000834

Booker T. Washington, the pre-eminent African American leader of his generation, was born a slave on the Burroughs plantation on April 5, 1856. With freedom gained following the Civil War, Washington attended Hampton Institute and later taught there. His achievements as an educator led to his being selected to establish a normal school for blacks in Alabama which became the Tuskegee Institute. As stated on his monument there, Washington “lifted the veil of ignorance from his people and pointed the way to progress through education and industry.” Washington’s career was documented in his autobiography Up from Slavery where he describes the “miserable, desolate, and discouraging surroundings” of his Franklin County birthplace. The Burroughs plantation was acquired by the National Park Service in 1957. Washington’s humble origins are memorialized here with a replica of the slave cabin in which he was reared.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated February 8, 2019