Booker T. Washington National Monument

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Booker T. Washington, the pre-eminent African American leader of his generation, was born a slave on the Burroughs plantation in Franklin County on April 5, 1856. With freedom gained following the Civil War, Washington attended Hampton Institute and later taught there. His achievements as an educator led to his being selected to establish a normal school for blacks in Alabama which became the Tuskegee Institute. As stated on his monument there, Washington “lifted the veil of ignorance from his people and pointed the way to progress through education and industry.” Washington’s career was documented in his autobiography Up from Slavery in which he describes the “miserable, desolate, and discouraging surroundings” of his Franklin County birthplace. The Burroughs plantation was acquired by the National Park Service in 1957. Washington’s humble origins are memorialized at the Booker T. Washington National Monument with a replica of the slave cabin in which he was reared.

Last Updated: February 2, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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