Gloucester County Courthouse Square Historic District

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NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Set off by its T-shaped courthouse built ca. 1766, the cluster of public buildings and offices within the Gloucester County Courthouse Square Historic District constitute a classic example of a Tidewater county seat complex. The principal county buildings are within a grassy walled area. The Gloucester County Courthouse, although having undergone later alterations, including the substitution of the present ca. 1900 portico for an earlier porch, remains among the most sophisticated of Virginia’s colonial court structures. Other buildings on the square within the Gloucester Downtown Historic District are the early-19th-century clerk’s office and debtors’ prison, and the late-19th-century sheriff’s office. Across the road stands the ca. 1770 former Botetourt Hotel, a rare example of a large colonial hostelry. It was restored in the early 1970s for county offices. On the north and south sides of the square are groupings of simple mid-19th- and early-20th-century frame law offices.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Nomination Form


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