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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

036-0021 Gloucester County Courthouse Square Historic District

Gloucester County Courthouse Square Historic District
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 02/20/1973

NRHP Listing Date 10/03/1973

NPS property number 73002016

Set off by its T-shaped courthouse built ca. 1766, this cluster of public buildings and offices is a classic example of a Tidewater county seat complex. The principal county buildings are within a grassy walled area. The courthouse, although having undergone later alterations including the substitution of the present ca. 1900 portico for an earlier porch, remains among the more sophisticated of Virginia’s colonial court structures. Other buildings on the square are the early 19th-century clerk’s office and debtors’ prison, and the late 19th century sheriff’s office. Across the road stands the ca. 1770 former Botetourt Hotel, a rare example of a large colonial hostelry. It was restored in the early 1970s for county offices. On the north and south sides of the square are groupings of simple mid-19th and early 20th-century frame law offices.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated January 29, 2019