Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

036-0061 Fairfield Archaeological Site

Fairfield Archaeological Site
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 02/20/1973

NRHP Listing Date 07/16/1973

NPS property number 73002019

Fairfield was an unusually large and elaborate 17th century mansion, probably built by Lewis Burwell ca. 1692. It stood here for two centuries until it was destroyed by fire in 1897. Its external appearance, distinguished by diagonally set Jacobean chimney stacks, is well known through several early photographs, including the ca. 1892 one shown here. Archaeological investigation of the site could reveal much information about the plan, sequence of development, and architectural details of one of Virginia’s oldest architecturally distinguished plantation houses. Near the house site are the sites of several outbuildings as well as the site of what may be an earlier 17th century residence.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018