Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

042-0029 Rural Plains

Rural Plains
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/18/1975

NRHP Listing Date 06/05/1975

NPS property number 75002021

One of the oldest dwellings in Hanover County, the gambrel-roofed house at Rural Plains is an important example of a substantial, nonacademic Tidewater farmhouse of the mid-18th century. It is distinguished by its large scale, Flemish bond brickwork, and curious porch chamber above the entrance, a very early, if not original feature. The property has been the home of the Shelton Family since 1670. An 18th-century owner, John Shelton, who was also proprietor of Hanover Tavern, was the father of Sarah Shelton, Patrick Henry’s first wife. Most of the original woodwork was removed during 19th-century remodelings. The property was the scene of Civil War action during the Battle of Totopotomoy Creek. Union general John Hancock made his headquarters here, forcing the Shelton family to live in the basement.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018