The extensive Hanover County plantation of Hickory Hill has been the property of the Wickham family since 1820, when Robert Carter of Shirley left 1,717 acres to his daughter and son-in-law, Anne Butler Carter and William Fanning Wickham of Richmond. The Wickhams’ son, Williams Carter Wickham of Hickory Hill, was a Confederate general and legislator, and later served as president of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway. The original house, completed by 1827, burned in 1875 and was replaced by the present brick house, erected in a form reminiscent of the antebellum period. An 1857 brick wing survived, however, as well as an important collection of antebellum outbuildings and farm buildings including a Gothic Revival library. The spacious Hickory Hill grounds are a remarkable example of antebellum landscaping, containing a romantic-style park with outstanding specimen trees, a geometric boxwood garden, and a tree-box walk of unusual height.
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark
DHR has secured permanent legal protection for over 700 historic places - including 15,000 acres of battlefield lands
DHR has erected 2,532 highway markers in every county and city across Virginia
DHR has engaged over 450 students in 3 highway marker contests
DHR has stimulated more than $4.2 billion dollars in private investments related to historic tax credit incentives, revitalizing communities of all sizes throughout Virginia