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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

042-0100 Hickory Hill

Hickory Hill
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/17/1974

NRHP Listing Date 11/21/1974

NPS property number 74002121

This extensive Hanover County plantation has been the property of the Wickham family since 1820 when Robert Carter of Shirley left 1,717 acres to his daughter and son-in-law: Anne Butler Carter and William Fanning Wickham of Richmond. The Wickhams’ son, Williams Carter Wickham of Hickory Hill, was a Confederate general and legislator, and later served as president of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway. The original house, completed by 1827, burned in 1875 and was replaced by the present brick house, erected in a form reminiscent of the antebellum period. An 1857 brick wing survived, however, as well as an important collection of antebellum outbuildings and farm buildings, including a Gothic Revival library. The spacious grounds are a remarkable example of antebellum landscaping, containing an romantic-style park with outstanding specimen trees, a geometric boxwood garden, and a tree-box walk of unusual height.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated August 7, 2018