Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

047-0006 Green Spring Archaeological Site

Green Spring Archaeological Site
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/19/1997

NRHP Listing Date 12/29/1978

NPS property number 78000261

Named for a natural spring on the property, Green Spring was patented by 1643 by Governor Sir William Berkeley. He constructed a substantial brick dwelling here in 1645 and developed the property into a manorial estate. During the English Civil War Berkeley resigned his office and withdrew to Green Spring. He became governor again following the Restoration. The mansion later sustained massive damage during Bacon’s Rebellion and was largely rebuilt by Berkeley’s widow. Through her marriage to Philip Ludwell, Green Spring passed into the Ludwell family who owned it over the next century. Benjamin Henry Latrobe recorded the mansion’s appearance in a 1796 watercolor drawing. William Ludwell Lee subsequently replaced the mansion with a new house which burned in the 19th century. Only the brick shell of a colonial outbuilding remains. The Green Spring site is now part of the Colonial National Historical Park.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated August 7, 2018