Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

048-0041 Cleydael

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 07/15/1986

NRHP Listing Date 12/18/1986

DHR's Virginia Board of Historic Resources easement

NRHP Reference Number 86003495

This unpretentious frame dwelling was built in 1859 as a summer retreat for Dr. Richard H. Stuart. In locating his house away from the Potomac River, Stuart was persuaded that an inland site on high ground would offer a more healthful respite from muggy Tidewater summers. Extra ventilation was provided by Cleydael’s T-shaped floor plan. Dr. Stuart moved his family to Cleydael for the duration of the Civil War trusting it would be safe from Union aggression. Gen. Robert E. Lee sent his two daughters to stay with their cousins at Cleydael when forced to leave Arlington. Following his assassination of Abraham Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth, with compatriots, sought medicalĀ  aid here from Dr. Stuart at Cleydael. Stuart, aware of the assassination, was suspicious and refused his visitors assistance and shelter, dispatching them after giving them dinner.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: March 19, 2021