Belle Plaine

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Situated just east of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Madison County, the estate of Belle Plaine evolved during 250 years as it adapted to the area’s changing agricultural practices. It began in the 1760s as a farmstead anchored by a one-room log cabin. Its next phase began in 1811 when Nathaniel J. Welch acquired the property and over the next 50 years made it into a large-scale agricultural enterprise dependent on enslaved laborers. After the Civil War, the property entered a new phase as area farmers gradually adapted to the realities of agricultural production without enslaved people. By the 1920s, as a result of new technologies and agricultural advances, Belle Plaine had emerged as a substantial modern farming operation. Today’s property features a late-18th- or early-19th-century Federal-style main house with vernacular elements and incorporates one of only a few known examples of log-frame residential construction in the county. The Belle Plaine property also contains assorted 19th-century and modern agricultural outbuildings.

Last Updated: April 21, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Coates Barn

Madison (County)


The Homeplace

Madison (County)



Madison (County)