Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

066-0089 Kirkland Grove Campground

Kirkland Grove Campground
Photo credit: Patricia Nolan Weeks, 1989

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/11/1991

NRHP Listing Date 10/15/1992

NRHP Reference Number 92001391

Named for the local Baptist preacher, Dr. William Heath Kirk, who was active in the Northumberland County area from 1845 to 1884, Kirkland Grove is one of the state’s few remaining 19th-century religious campgrounds. It is distinguished from other religious meeting sites by its massive tabernacle, along with its preacher’s “tent,” or dwelling, and a campers’ “tent.” William Dandridge Cockrell designed and built the all-wood tabernacle in 1892. A local craftsman, Cockrell is reported to have designed the tabernacle to specifications from the Old Testament. Annual camp meetings held each August attracted large crowds of people who filled the tabernacle’s 101 benches and stayed in the 42 cottages that once stood on the campground. Kirkland Grove is the only campground in the region that continues to hold regular yearly revivals.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: July 27, 2021