Hamilton Schoolhouse

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Hamilton Schoolhouse is an antebellum single-pen log structure situated on the east bank of South Buffalo Creek. The building is very well preserved and its historic setting is virtually undisturbed. Inside are whitewashed log walls, flush boards on the ceiling, and unfinished pine floorboards. The schoolhouse represents the self-sustaining independence of the tiny South Buffalo Creek community, as well as the hardships of rural life and the difficulties encountered in securing an education during the 19th and early 20th centuries in a remote, mountainous region. It is a rare surviving precursor of the many log schoolhouses that were built throughout the South in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Hamilton Schoolhouse may be the last antebellum “old field” school built before the Civil War in Virginia.

Last Updated: April 29, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Paxton House

Rockbridge (County)


Taylor-Kinnear Farm

Rockbridge (County)


Brown-Swisher Barn

Rockbridge (County)