Liberty Hall Site

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NRHP Listing Date


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These gaunt ruins are the remains of Liberty Hall Academy, the predecessor of Washington and Lee University. In 1749 Augusta Academy, the first school of consequence west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, was founded near Greenville in Augusta County. The academy, patriotically renamed Liberty Hall Academy, was relocated twice before settling in 1792 immediately west of Lexington in Rockbridge County. Constructed in 1793, the limestone building stood three stories tall with a gable roof. An unusual treatment, found in at least three other Rockbridge County buildings, was the placement of the fireplaces in the outside corners so that chimneys projected from the four corners of the building. The academy was housed here only a short while, for the building was gutted by fire in 1803. The school, by then known as Washington Academy, relocated to a new site in the city of Lexington, where it evolved into the present university which owns and maintains the Liberty Hall Site ruins.

Last Updated: April 25, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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