Plains Mill

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Plains Mill, located along the North Fork of the Shenandoah River in Rockingham County, is a merchant mill that evolved to reflect changes in milling technology from its original construction between 1847 and 1849, through the 1950s. A boldly flowing spring that powered the mill’s wheel first attracted millers to the site as early as the colonial period. Built by Dr. Solomon Henkel and his son, Siram, the timber-frame, five-story mill replaced an earlier mill. Many original features survive today including Dutch doors hung on decorative strap hinges and a massive husk frame that supported the gearing. In the early 20th century, the mill was converted to the roller milling process and it preserved a wealth of specialized equipment from the period at the time of its listing. Construction of terra-cotta block grain bins around 1923 and of cinder block and frame feed mill, machine shop, and warehouse additions and a separate office in the 1940s and 1950s round out the mill site’s evolution.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Elkton Historic District

Rockingham (County)


Deering Hall

Rockingham (County)


Silver Lake Historic District

Rockingham (County)