Aquia Church

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NHL Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The cruciform-plan Aquia Church is one of the nation’s outstanding examples of colonial ecclesiastical architecture. Although built to serve a rural Stafford County parish, the design of Aquia Church is endowed with urbanity and sophistication. The brick walls are highlighted by quoins and rusticated doorways crafted in stone from nearby Aquia Creek. Built on a site used for worship as early as 1654, the present building was begun in 1751, but burned on February 17, 1754, three days before completion. It was rebuilt within the walls in 1754-57 under the direction of Mourning Richards, the original contractor, and William Copein, the mason. The interior preserves a unique three-tiered pulpit as well as the original Ionic altarpiece, west gallery, and box pews, all excellent examples of colonial joinery. The pews, however, were reduced in height in the 19th century. The Aquia Church’s former isolated setting has given way in recent years to suburban development.

Last Updated: December 12, 2023

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VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form

1990 NHL Nomination


Ball’s Bluff Battlefield Historic District and National Cemetery

(NHLs) Virginia's National Historic Landmarks


Bethlehem Primitive Baptist Church and Cemetery

Stafford (County)


Covered Bridges NHL Context Study (MPD)

(MPD) Multiple Property Document