Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

098-0005 Fort Chiswell Mansion

Fort Chiswell Mansion
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/02/1971

NRHP Listing Date 05/06/1971

NPS property number 71000992

Fort Chiswell Mansion was built for two brothers, Stephen McGavock and Joseph Cloyd McGavock, overlooking the McGavocks’ original homestead, since destroyed. The McGavocks were early settlers of the area and acquired large tracts of land. Their first home was at Fort Chiswell, a defense post on the Great Wilderness Road. Here they maintained a commercial establishment serving the many pioneers moving west. In 1839 the two McGavock brothers contracted with Lorain Thorn and James Johnson to build this brick house on a bluff above the Fort Chiswell settlement. The provincially interpreted Classical Revival structure has a two-column portico and paired semi-exterior end chimneys, between which on either end is a large Palladian attic window. A series of brick service buildings remains. The imposing dwelling long served to signal the importance of the McGavocks to area newcomers.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated November 27, 2018