Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

100-0049 Alfred Street Baptist Church

Alfred Street Baptist Church
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/10/2003

NRHP Listing Date 01/16/2004

NPS property number 03001423

Alfred Street Baptist Church is listed under the multiple property documentation form for African American Historic Resources of Alexandria, Virginia. The church is home to the oldest African American congregation in Alexandria and one of the oldest in the Washington area. Its 1880s façade is reminiscent of the Romanesque Revival, and it is highly likely that black craftsmen designed and built it. The church’s educational branch was organized by 1820 to provide religious and secular instruction for both children and adult African Americans, despite legal restrictions on such activities. Its library was one of the first open to African Americans. A hospital during the Civil War, the building has been in continuous use for religious purposes since 1855. The congregation dates to 1803, when it held meetings in the homes of its members or along the banks of the Potomac River.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated November 7, 2018