Columbian Paper Company

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NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The Columbian Paper Company mill, located on the banks of the Maury River in Buena Vista, serves as a rare, well-preserved example of a historic complex associated with paper production, one of the city’s leading industries from the late 19th to mid-20th century. Mill-related construction began under the Buena Vista Paper Manufacturing Company about 1890, but most of the mill dates to the Columbian Paper Company period, which began in 1892 and involved a decades-long expansion program.  The mill was used to make paper until 1954 when it was acquired by Bonded Fibers (Bontex) and converted to other uses. The five-acre nominated area encompasses two buildings: the main mill building, a large cumulative agglomeration of mostly rectangular brick wings; and a smaller chip house. Brick pier-wall construction with decorative corbelling and stone or poured concrete foundations are typical of the older sections of the mill. A branch of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad formerly passed through the property, accompanied by a siding. The Columbian Paper Company mill incorporates a c. 1860 stone canal lock into its foundation.

Last Updated: March 21, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Nomination Form


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