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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

127-0171 James River and Kanawha Canal Historic District

James River and Kanawha Canal Historic District
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Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/09/1969

NRHP Listing Date 08/26/1971

NPS property number 71000982

This linear district includes the canal route from the Great Ship Lock in the east end to Bosher’s Dam in western Henrico County. The parent James River Company was founded in 1785 with George Washington serving as honorary president. In 1835 the James River and Kanawha Canal Company was formed from the original company to connect the James with the Kanawha River and thus provide a navigation system to the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. A system of basins, locks, and docks was built through downtown in the 1850s. The canal operated until 1880 when it was purchased by the Richmond and Alleghany Railway Company. Although much of the system has been built over, its course can yet be traced through the city. The lower locks of the Tidewater Connection have been restored by the Reynolds Metals Company and restoration of other sections is underway.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018