For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF
See link(s) below to view additional documentation.
VLR Listing Date 04/21/1981
NRHP Listing Date 09/16/1982
NRHP Reference Number 82004589; AD82004589; BC100003005
The St. Luke Building was erected as the national headquarters of the Independent Order of St. Luke, a black benevolent society founded after the Civil War to provide guidance and financial aid to struggling freed slaves. Under the leadership of Maggie L. Walker, the pioneering black businesswoman, philanthropist, and educator, the society prospered through services that helped bridge the gap between slavery and freedom. Its many activities effectively eased the burdens of illness and death, encouraged savings and thrift, provided an outlet for inexpensive but well-made retail goods, and promoted though its news weekly Mrs. Walker’s ideals for her race. The headquarters, the oldest black-affiliated office building in Richmond, was designed by John H. White and built in 1903. The building was enlarged in 1915 under the direction of Charles T. Russell of Virginia Union University.
Previously listed in 1981, the state and national register nomination for Richmond’s St. Luke Building has been updated and the boundary designation for the property enlarged to include 902-904 St. James Street, a two-unit row house that was historically and functionally associated with the Order of St. Luke and its headquarters in the St. Luke Building at 900 St. James Street. The St. Luke Building once served as the national headquarters of the Independent Order of St. Luke, a mutual aid society founded in 1869. The Order’s mission to foster African-American economic independence was largely realized through enterprises housed in the St. Luke Building, including the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank, printing facilities for the St. Luke Herald, and offices for the Order.
[VLR Listing, Update and Boundary Increase: 12/14/2017; NRHP Listing, Update: 10/2/2018; NRHP Listing, Boundary Increase: 10/5/2018]
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark
Updated February 8, 2019