Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

214-0007 Northampton County Courthouse Square Historic District

Northampton County Courthouse Square Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 11/16/1971

NRHP Listing Date 03/16/1972

NPS property number 72001410

The assemblage of buildings on and around Eastville’s court square includes the 1899 courthouse by F. Bartholomew Smith, the 1731 courthouse and clerk’s office, and an early 19th-century debtors’ prison. The latter three buildings, maintained as museums by the Northampton County Branch of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (now Preservation Virginia), form an early court complex symbolic of the Eastern Shore’s long history. The 1731 courthouse, built by John Marshall, was moved to its present location in 1913 in order make room for a Confederate monument; the front wall was rebuilt in the process. Also is a row of small attorneys’ offices and the ca. 1800 Eastville Inn, a rambling frame courthouse tavern with several additions. Eastville has been the county seat since 1690. The county has the nation’s oldest continuously kept English county records.  The Northampton County Courthouse Historic District forms the core of the Eastville Historic District.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated March 19, 2019