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DHR's Virginia Board of Historic Resources easement

At the northeast corner of the Caroline County town of Port Royal, on the banks of the Rappahannock, Townfield is a rambling wooden dwelling, enlarged and embellished through a succession of owners, making it a fascinating document of the art of the Virginia housewright over the period of a century. The original portion was built for Robert Gilchrist, a Scottish merchant and holder of various public offices, who acquired the property in 1744. The house was expanded on its north end in 1796 by James Robb. It probably was then that the “Port Royal porch,” an enclosed extension of the main passage, was added to the north front. A two-story wing, perpendicular to the original part, was added by Philip Lightfoot in the 1830s. An elaborate architectural chimneypiece in the original section of Townfield was probably part of the 1790s alterations.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Port Royal Historic District Boundary Increase

Caroline (County)


Old Jail of Caroline County

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Caroline (County)