Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

299-0033 Shenandoah Historic District

Shenandoah Historic District
Photo credit: David Edwards/DHR, 2021

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/17/2004

NRHP Listing Date 05/27/2004

NRHP Reference Number 04000554

The Town of Shenandoah Historic District developed around the Shenandoah Iron Works. First settled in 1830s, the Page County town was rebuilt after a devastating flood in 1870. Shenandoah is located on Norfolk Southern’s main north-south rail line and includes commercial, domestic, religious, and railroad-related buildings dating from the 1880s to the 1950s. The town is also strategically positioned on the South Fork of the Shenandoah River, the main transportation route for the ore and lumber found in the nearby Massanutten Mountain range for much of the 19th century. The arrival in 1881 of the railroad linking Hagerstown, Maryland, with present-day Roanoke expanded the markets for Shenandoah Iron Works pig iron and other iron products and ushered in the town’s greatest period of prosperity. The district possesses an interesting history as a community that developed near an iron ore furnace and then became a major rail center.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: June 15, 2021