For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF
VLR Listing Date 12/06/2006
NRHP Listing Date 04/04/2007
NRHP Reference Number 07000275
Ivy Hill Cemetery was created in 1886 as a private cemetery to serve the residents of the town of Smithfield and of Isle of Wight County. The land was originally part of the T.B. Wright farm until it was laid out as a cemetery along the slopes of a small peninsula of land overlooking the Pagan River. It has been the burial ground for many of the area’s prominent citizens. Within a few years of its establishment, many locally prominent families moved their family members’ remains from small nearby cemeteries to Ivy Hill. Some of its prominent residents include Pembroke Decatur Gwaltney, founder of the Gwaltney ham and peanut business; Joel Holleman, Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates in the early 1830s and 1841-44, and member of the U.S. House of Representatives in 1839; and Richard Randolph Turner, second in command of Libby Prison in Richmond during the Civil War. Ivy Hill Cemetery is an example of the “rural” cemetery movement, characterized by a landscape design that follows the natural contours of the land, with wooded sites and rolling hills sited well away from urban development.
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark
Updated: March 14, 2022