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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

002-0016 Cliffside

Cliffside
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 10/20/1981

NRHP Listing Date 09/16/1982

NRHP Reference Number 82004536

Cliffside, sited on a steep hill overlooking the town of Scottsville, is a boldly detailed expression of Piedmont Virginia Federal architecture. Profiting from Scottsville’s rise to prosperity in the antebellum period as a canal and turnpike town, Gilly M. Lewis, a local doctor and mill-owner, built Cliffside as his residence in 1835. The unusually well-preserved house is distinguished by its large scale, ambitious but somewhat provincial exterior detailing, and robust interior woodwork. As with many of the region’s early-19th-century houses, the crisply white classical trim is set off by red brick walls. Cliffside served as Gen. Philip Sheridan’s headquarters during a Union raid of Scottsville in March 1865 and also as the quarters of Gen. George A. Custer.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated October 20, 2020