Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

002-0099 Ash Lawn-Highland

Ash Lawn-Highland
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 01/16/1973

NRHP Listing Date 08/14/1973

NPS property number 73001990

James Monroe, U. S. Senator; governor of Virginia; minister to France, England, and Spain, and fifth president of the United States, purchased this farm, originally named Highland, in the 1793. He completed the simple farmhouse, the western portion of the present building, in 1799. Monroe’s friend and mentor, Thomas Jefferson selected the house site, within view of Jefferson’s Monticello. Calling the house his “castle cabin,” Monroe built a modest dwelling and added to it over the next twenty years. The Monroe family left Highland in 1823; it was sold in 1826. Part of the east portion burned around 1840, and a two-story addition was built on its site by Parson John E. Massey in 1882. Opened as a museum by philanthropist Jay Winston Johns, the property is now owned by the College of William and Mary and commemorates Monroe’s Albemarle County residency.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated August 15, 2018