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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

014-0005 Bryn Arvon and Gwyn Arvon

Bryn Arvon and Gwyn Arvon
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 08/21/1990

NRHP Listing Date 01/03/1991

NPS property number 90002111

Arvonia’s two Queen Anne residences, Bryn Arvon and Gwyn Arvon, are landmarks of Virginia’s renowned slate industry and the Welsh immigrants who dominated it. The houses were built in the 1890s for the Welsh quarrymen brothers Evan and John Williams, who founded the Williams Slate Company in the 1870s and revitalized Buckingham County’s slate quarries. They capitalized on a growing market after the Civil War, when new construction throughout the country created an enormous demand for roofing materials. Their houses are distinguished not only by their Welsh names but by the extensive and creative use of slate inside and out, making them interesting demonstrations of the quarryman’s art and serving as advertisements of the quarry’s products. Although similar in design and the utilization of materials, the plan and elevation of each house differ. The property includes a collection of contemporary outbuildings.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018