Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

014-0023 Seven Islands Archaeological and Historic District

Seven Islands Archaeological and Historic District
Photo credit: Calder Loth/DHR, 1990

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 04/17/1991

NRHP Listing Date 07/03/1991

NRHP Reference Number 91000832

The Seven Islands Archaeological and Historic District is located near the confluence of the James and Slate rivers in Buckingham and Fluvanna counties.  This plantation site contains both prehistoric and historic components. A large Woodland-period site (A.D. 900-1600), reflecting use of a riverine environment, is the principal prehistoric feature. Five other archaeological sites, located in upland settings, trace the more diffuse adaptive use of the land mostly during the Archaic period (8000-1000 B.C.). The primary historic structure is a plain Greek Revival dwelling erected ca. 1847 for John Scott Nicholas III on the site of a colonial house built by his grandfather. During the Civil War the Seven Islands plantation supplied wheat, cattle, and horses (including J.E.B. Stuart’s large black mount) to the Confederate government. Confederate wounded also were cared for here. To temper economic hardship following the war, the family established a school known as Seven Islands Academy and erected a wing for dormitory space.

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: January 14, 2022