Chapel Rural Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Covering approximately 11,500 acres of countryside in central Clarke County, the Chapel Rural Historic District contains well-preserved residences and affiliated buildings such as smokehouses, springhouses, garages, sheds, and summer kitchens, alongside commercial and institutional ones. This varied collection of buildings date from the mid-18th-century to the mid-20th-century and demonstrate a variety of uses and styles—from plantation houses to modest vernacular dwellings—over a period of more than 200 years. The Chapel Rural Historic District, representative of one of the richest farming regions in Virginia, features the Old Chapel—likely the oldest Episcopal church west of the Blue Ridge—and other Episcopal churches, as well as an early-19th-century Baptist church, several late-19th-century African-American churches, and a rare surviving slave chapel. The district also has at least five small historic African American communities—the hamlets of Browntown, Pigeon Hill, Pyletown, Claytonville, and a part of Millwood.

Last Updated: January 30, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


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