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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

021-5025 Chapel Rural Historic District

Chapel Rural Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/12/2013

NRHP Listing Date 02/14/2014

NPS property number 14000010

Covering approximately 11 496 acres of countryside in central Clarke County, the Chapel Rural Historic District contains well-preserved residences and affiliated buildings such as smokehouses, springhouses, garages, sheds, and summer kitchens, alongside commercial and institutional ones. This varied collection of buildings date from the mid-18th century to the mid-20th century and demonstrate a variety of uses and styles—from plantation houses to modest vernacular dwellings—over a period of more than 200 years. The Chapel Run district, representative of one of the richest farming regions in Virginia, features the Old Chapel—likely the oldest Episcopal church west of the Blue Ridge—and other Episcopal churches, as well as an early 19th-century Baptist church, several late-19th-century African-American churches, and a rare surviving slave chapel. The district also has at least five small historic African American communities—the hamlets of Browntown, Pigeon Hill, Pyletown, Claytonville, and a part of Millwood.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018