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Auburn was constructed in the Greek Revival style for James A. Beckham in Culpeper County about 1855–56. Virginia politician John Minor Botts resided there from January 8, 1863, until his death exactly six years later. Arrested under Confederate martial law in 1862 in Richmond for Unionist activities, Botts was ordered exiled to the interior of Virginia, and decided to settle in Culpeper County. According to a lawsuit filed against him after the war, he cheated Beckham, who was ill and feeble, out of the Auburn property. At Auburn, Botts entertained such Union officers as Ulysses S. Grant and George G. Meade, and also co-signed the bail bond for former Confederate president Jefferson Davis in 1867. Beckham’s heirs recovered Auburn through a court decision in 1879. The property also contains numerous domestic and agricultural outbuildings, illustrating the long history of farming practiced on the 425-acre property.

Last Updated: February 8, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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