Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

026-0121 Gooseneck Field Site (Conover Archaeological Site)

Gooseneck Field Site (Conover Archaeological Site)
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 06/21/1983

NRHP Listing Date 03/28/1985

NRHP Reference Number 85000647

Some of the earliest Native America occupation of Virginia occurred during the Paleo-Indian period, at least ca. 9500 B.C. to 8000 B.C. Clearly identifiable sites relating to this time are extremely rare because of the low population density in those remote times. Also, sites of such antiquity are very subtle and apt to have been disturbed over the centuries. The Conover site is one of Virginia’s few currently recognizable locations yielding diverse Paleo-Indian artifacts, including lithic tool types and manufactured by-products. The presence of maintenance and processing tools in various stages of reduction, along with stone flakes, has led to the conclusion that the site was used as a quarry-related base camp or maintenance station. A significant number of artifacts from the site are in the archaeological collections of the Virginia Department of Historic Resources.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: February 11, 2021