Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

030-0002 Delaplane Historic District

Delaplane Historic District
Photo credit: David Edwards/DHR, 2021

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 10/03/2003

NRHP Listing Date 02/11/2004

NRHP Reference Number 04000050

The Delaplane Historic District is located in the Fauquier County village of the same name, along the old Winchester-Dumfries Road (U.S. Route 17) amid gently rolling farmland at the southern end of the Crooked Run Valley Rural Historic District. The village, first known as Piedmont Station, grew up around the intersection of the highway with the Manassas Gap Railroad, which opened in 1852. The old rail line (now the Norfolk Southern) is still in use today, and two nearby structures–one a warehouse, the other a store–are rare examples of antebellum brick buildings associated with a Virginia railroad. Six late-19th- and early-20th-century residences and commercial buildings are in the district, while the remaining properties date to the 1920s through 1950s. Delaplane is also significant as the site of the first use of railroads in history to transport troops to battle, when on July 19, 1861, Brigadier General Thomas J. (later “Stonewall”) Jackson’s Confederate brigade boarded trains here and rode to the First Battle of Manassas.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark


Updated: April 12, 2021