Frederick County Poor Farm

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NRHP Listing Date


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The concept of the county poorhouse developed in the late-18th-century from popular assumptions about the nature of poverty. As contrasted with the “undeserving poor,” the “deserving poor” were those who could not work because of age, physical disability, or mental condition, thus meriting public assistance. Frederick County built its first structure to serve the “deserving poor” in Winchester in 1793-94. By 1819, it was thought that better care could be provided in a rural, more self-supporting setting. A farm was therefore purchased and the present Frederick County Poor Farm complex was developed here. With its central block and flanking residential wings, the farm buildings are the oldest and most intact of such public charity complexes in the state. The facility closed in 1947. The Frederick County Poor Farm property is now in private ownership, with the buildings currently being used for storage.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Rock Hill

Frederick (County)



Frederick (County)


Thorndale Farm

Frederick (County)