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The Springdale property, in the vicinity of Bartonsville in Frederick County, was originally the home of Jost Hite, the earliest European settler in the lower Shenandoah Valley. The ruins of what was probably Hite’s home and tavern, built in the 1730s next to the Indian trail that became the Valley Turnpike, still stand in the yard. The present dwelling, a large stone house in the German vernacular tradition, was built in 1753 by mason Simon Taylor for Hite’s son, John. John Hite held numerous public positions including trustee for the town of Winchester. He was a friend of George Washington, who is recorded to have been a visitor at Springdale. Although the limestone walls survive without significant alteration, the interior and exterior trim, including the portico and dormers, date from mid-19th- and early-20th-century remodelings. The house at Springdale remains a prominent landmark between present-day U. S. Route 11 and Interstate 81.

Last Updated: December 8, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Rock Hill

Frederick (County)



Frederick (County)


Thorndale Farm

Frederick (County)