Croaker Landing Archaeological Site

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The riverside Croaker Landing Archaeological Site incorporates a well-preserved stratified midden deposit containing evidence of Indian habitation through the Woodland period (ca. 1000 B.C.—A.D. 1600). Located on the rich tidal flat marsh environment of the York River, the site is known to contain projectile points, ceramics, and faunal remains in a stratified context. These diagnostic artifacts can more precisely define Indian chronologies for Virginia’s coastal plain. The faunal remains can document changes over time in human adaptation to the region’s natural environment. Identified as a small campsite culturally associated with larger village sites across the York River, the Croaker Landing Archaeological Site in its deepest level contains examples of some of the earliest pottery types made in Tidewater Virginia, dating from ca. 1200 to 800 B.C.

Last Updated: March 7, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Colonial National Historical Park

James City (County)


Toano Commercial Historic District

James City (County)


Colonial National Historical Park — Colonial Parkway

James City (County)