Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

047-0093 Croaker Landing Archaeological Site

Croaker Landing Archaeological Site
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/17/1987

NRHP Listing Date 05/14/1987

NPS property number 87000753

This riverside site incorporates a well-preserved stratified midden deposit containing evidence of Indian habitation through the Woodland period (ca. 1000 B.C.—A.D. 1600). Located on the rich tidal flat marsh environment of the York River, the site is known to contain projectile points, ceramics, and faunal remains in a stratified context. These diagnostic artifacts can more precisely define Indian chronologies for Virginia’s coastal plain. The faunal remains can document changes over time in human adaptation to the region’s natural environment. Identified as a small campsite culturally associated with larger village sites across the York River, the site in its deepest level contains examples of some of the earliest pottery types made in Tidewater Virginia, dating from ca. 1200 to 800 B.C.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018